Global Sustainable Development Projects

Semester of Project Completion

Fall 2021

Project Type

Open Access

UN Sustainable Development Goals

Climate Action


The last two decades have drawn significant attention to the lack of infrastructure and adaptation plans accessible for the protection against climate-related hazards, especially those implemented in developing communities where low-income individuals are disproportionately affected. Small Island Developing States, also referred to as SIDS, are known for their limited resources, as well as their high susceptibility to environmental and economic shocks. Officially launched in 2010 by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), the Green Climate Fund is a US $100 billion dollar fund approved by 196 sovereign governments to help lower-income countries shift to low emission, climate-resilient systems. While this fund has helped pave the way for many other initiatives, the notable lack of projects focused on stronger infrastructures raises the urge to implement new techniques to help prevent big economic shocks. Both Tonga and Haiti are highly susceptible and vulnerable to natural disasters, yet there seems to be a big difference between the funds provided by the Green Climate Fund to these nations. Given the conditions and the desperate need to cover repair costs by these SIDS, this paper performs a comparative analysis between both countries and suggests promising solutions for a more efficient allocation of these funds.

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