Date of Award


Thesis Type

Open Access

Degree Name

Master of Liberal Studies


Patricia Lancaster

Second Advisor

Bruce Stephenson


Gardens are not simply arranged trees, lawns, walkways, fountains and ponds. They are a physical expression of the values and beliefs of culture. Adapting industrial age infrastructure into public parks is a reflection of culture in the postmodern age as much as the cloister garden expressed theology in the middle-ages, the sensuous garden expressed the humanism of the Renaissance, the Baroque garden expressed autocratic power, the neo-classical garden expressed reason, and the picturesque garden expressed awe of nature. The postmodern postindustrial public park of today is being built on the infrastructure of the industrial age; it is an expression of the values and beliefs of a postmodern culture because it uses the memories of its industrial past, it embraces ambiguity and it does not have boundaries.