Date of Award


Thesis Type

Open Access

Degree Name

Master of Liberal Studies


Dr. Edward H. Cohen

Second Advisor

Dr. Robert Smither


This thesis seeks to establish a direct relationship between the archetypes of Carl Jung, primarily the Shadow, and early 20th century literature. The Shadow is best described as our darker selves, the primitive unconsciousness that subtly invades our waking moments. Modern society has sought to suppress this Shadow, which has led to repression and potential psychoses. Many authors of the late Victorian and early modern period address the problems with societal expectations in their works. This thesis will explore the writing of Henry James, Bram Stoker, Robert Louis Stevenson, and T. S. Eliot to see how they deal with Jung's Shadow and the realization of the Self.