Date of Award

Spring 2022

Thesis Type

Rollins Access Only

Degree Name

Honors Bachelor of Arts




Dr. Matthew Forsythe

Committee Member

Professor Victoria Brown

Committee Member

Dr. Vidhu Aggarwal


The Jewish oral tradition has a distinct understanding of the four elements; water (mayim), air (ruach), fire (aish), and earth (adamah) are embedded in Jewish rituals. Whether lighting a candle or bathing in a ritual bath, each practice relates to an element’s unique natural properties that open new access points to G-d. This thesis is a collection of original prose and poetry inspired by Jewish interpretations of the four elements. The narrators of the collection, which features poetry, fiction, and creative nonfiction, experience each element as they accomplish major milestones.

Rights Holder

Hannah Butcher

Available for download on Thursday, May 01, 2025