Date of Award
Honors Bachelor of Arts
MacKenzie Moon Ryan
In post-conflict transitions, disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration have played a crucial role in the treatment of former combatants and the advancement of peacebuilding. This peacebuilding process, known as DDR, has experienced successes and failures throughout its implementation across the globe. Specifically, as conflict erupted across many nations in Central and Eastern Africa, the disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration programs that were implemented during different nations’ peacebuilding transition towards at the turn of the twenty first century experienced variations among their success at reducing or halting conflict. This investigation analyzes the factors that contribute to the ability for disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration programs to successfully reduce conflict by examining the implementation of these systems in Rwanda, Burundi, and the Democratic Republic of Congo from 1997 to 2012. The factors analyzed in this study include the time it takes to implement disarmament, the amount of parties that commit to the peace agreement, the robustness of reintegration and vocational training curriculum, and the amount of funding that each program receives. Throughout this comparative analysis, these factors demonstrate to influence the success of disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration programs, however, some of these variables are more influential to the success than others.
Marshall, Grace, "Success and Shortcomings: Disarmament, Demobilization, and Reintegration in Eastern and Central Africa" (2020). Honors Program Theses. 107.