Competitiveness is an important individual difference variable that influences behavior across a range of social domains; however, surprisingly few studies have examined competitiveness from a cross-cultural perspective. This study examined the relationship betweendifferent aspects of competitiveness and individualism-collectivism as individual difference variables in two cultures by comparing Balinese (n = 104) and American (n = 124) undergraduate college students. The results indicated that healthy competitiveness was positively related to collectivism for both Balinese and American students; however, unhealthy competitiveness or hypercompetitiveness was only negatively related to collectivism for Balinese students.
Houston, John M.; Lesmana, Cokorda Bagus Jaya; and Suryani, Luh Ketut Udayana University, "Competitiveness and Individualism-Collectivism in Bali and the U.S." (2012). Faculty Publications. 78.
North American Journal of Psychology